Section C
69.1. Obligation not to Commit Misconduct; Resolution
  1. A competitor, boat owner or support person shall not commit an act of misconduct.
  2. Misconduct is: 
    1. conduct that is a breach of good manners, a breach of good sportsmanship, or unethical behaviour; or
    2. conduct that may bring, or has brought, the sport into disrepute.
  3. An allegation of a breach of rule 69.1(a) shall be resolved in accordance with the provisions of rule 69. It shall not be grounds for a protest and rule 63.1 does not apply. 
69.2. Action by a Protest Committee
  1. A protest committee acting under this rule shall have at least three members.  
  2. When a protest committee, from its own observation or from information received from any source, including evidence taken during a hearing, believes a person may have broken rule 69.1(a), it shall decide whether or not to call a hearing.
  3. When the protest committee needs more information to make the decision to call a hearing, it shall consider appointing a person or persons to conduct an investigation. These investigators shall not be members of the protest committee that will decide the matter.
  4. When an investigator is appointed, all relevant information he gathers, favourable or unfavourable, shall be disclosed to the protest committee, and if the protest committee decides to call a hearing, to the parties.
  5. If the protest committee decides to call a hearing, it shall promptly inform the person in writing of the alleged breach and of the time and place of the hearing and follow the procedures in rules 63.2, 63.3(a), 63.4, 63.6, 65.165.2, 65.3 and 66 except that: 
    1. unless a person has been appointed by World Sailing, a person may be appointed by the protest committee to present the allegation.
    2. a person against whom an allegation has been made under this rule shall be entitled to have an advisor and a representative with him who may act on his behalf.
  6. If the person 
    1. provides good reason why he is unable to come to the hearing at the scheduled time, the protest committee shall reschedule it; or
    2. does not provide good reason and does not come to the hearing, the protest committee may conduct it without the person present.
  7. The standard of proof to be applied is the test of the comfortable satisfaction of the protest committee, bearing in mind the seriousness of the alleged misconduct. However, if the standard of proof in this rule conflicts with the laws of a country, the national authority may, with the approval of World Sailing, change it with a prescription to this rule.
  8. When the protest committee decides that a competitor or boat owner has broken rule 69.1(a), it may take one or more of the following actions 
    1. issue a warning;
    2. change their boat’s score in one or more races, including disqualification(s) that may or may not be excluded from her series score;
    3. exclude the person from the event or venue or remove any privileges or benefits; and
    4. take any other action within its jurisdiction as provided by the rules.
  9. When the protest committee decides that a support person has broken rule 69.1(a), rule 64.5 applies.
  10. If the protest committee 
    1. imposes a penalty greater than one DNE;
    2. excludes the person from the event or venue; or
    3. in any other case if it considers it appropriate,it shall report its findings, including the facts found, its conclusions and decision to the national authority of the person or, for specific international events listed in the World Sailing Regulations, to World Sailing. If the protest committee has acted under rule 69.2(f)(2), the report shall also include that fact and the reasons for it. 
  11. If the protest committee decides not to conduct the hearing without the person present, or if the protest committee has left the event and a report alleging a breach of rule 69.1(a) is received, the race committee or organizing authority may appoint the same or a new protest committee to proceed under this rule. If it is impractical for the protest committee to conduct a hearing, it shall collect all available information and, if the allegation seems justified, make a report to the national authority of the person or, for specific international events listed in the World Sailing Regulations, to World Sailing.

69.3. Action by a National Authority and ISAF
The disciplinary powers, procedures and responsibilities of national authorities and World Sailing that apply are specified in the World Sailing Disciplinary Code. National authorities and World Sailing may impose further penalties, including suspension of eligibility, under that code.
Section D
  1. Provided that the right of appeal has not been denied under rule 70.5, a party to a hearing may appeal a protest committee’s decision or its procedures, but not the facts found.
  2. A boat may appeal when she is denied a hearing required by rule 63.1.
A protest committee may request confirmation or correction of its decision.
An appeal under rule 70.1 or a request by a protest committee under rule 70.2 shall be sent to the national authority with which the organizing authority is associated under rule 89.1. However, if boats will pass through the waters of more than one national authority while racing, an appeal or request shall be sent to the national authority where the finishing line is located, unless the sailing instructions identify another national authority.
A club or other organization affiliated to a national authority may request an interpretation of the rules, provided that no protest or request for redress that may be appealed is involved. The interpretation shall not be used for changing a previous protest committee decision.
There shall be no appeal from the decisions of an international jury constituted in compliance with Appendix N. Furthermore, if the notice of race or the sailing instructions so state, the right of appeal may be denied provided that
  1. it is essential to determine promptly the result of a race that will qualify a boat to compete in a later stage of an event or a subsequent event (a national authority may prescribe that its approval is required for such a procedure);
  2. a national authority so approves for a particular event open only toboats entered by an organization affiliated to that national authority, a member of an organization affiliated to that national authority, or a personal member of that national authority; or
  3. a national authority after consultation with World Sailing so approves for a particular event, provided the protest committee is constituted as required by Appendix N, except that only two members of the protest committee need be International Judges.
Appeals and requests shall conform to Appendix R.
A person who has a conflict of interest or was a member of the protest committee shall not take any part in the discussion or decision on an appeal or a request for confirmation or correction.
The national authority may uphold, change or reverse a protest committee’s decision including a decision on validity or a decision under rule 69. Alternatively, the national authority may order that a hearing be reopened, or that a new hearing be held by the same or a different protest committee. When the national authority decides that there shall be a new hearing, it may appoint the protest committee.
When from the facts found by the protest committee the national authority decides that a boat that was a party to a protest hearing broke a rule and is not exonerated, it shall penalize her, whether or not that boat or that rule was mentioned in the protest committee’s decision.
The decision of the national authority shall be final. The national authority shall send its decision in writing to all parties to the hearing and the protest committee, who shall be bound by the decision.
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