In the majority of cases, the organizing authority appoints the members of the protest committee. In regattas such as a world championship, this decision is often made between the organizing authority and the class association. The only exceptions occur at specific events for which World Sailing is responsible for appointing the protest committee such as the Olympic Games, and other championships (see World Sailing Regulations 23.3 and 25.8).
When making up the protest committee, consider the type of boats and kind of racing. At least one of the members of the protest committee should be fully conversant with the boats being sailed, and the rules and traditions of the class. The protest committee at a windsurfing regatta will face different questions than at a one design world championship or an offshore race.
It is useful, where possible, to include one member who also has an intimate knowledge of the local conditions.
If Appendix P is used for on-the-water judging of rule 42
Propulsion, then the protest committee members should have the ability, and the majority of the members should have experience to participate in this specialist type of judging.
Finally, consider including one or two experienced national judges who would benefit from the experience and to assist them in obtaining the requirements necessary to apply to become an International Judge.
At an open event in which sailors come from other clubs, it is desirable that the organizing authority appoint a protest committee, usually with three members who are independent of the race committee. To avoid an appearance of favoritism, prejudice or conflict of interest, this protest committee could be made up of members from different clubs. To ensure a higher level of experience and knowledge, many national authorities have a national judges program, and certify individuals as national judges. Some national authorities require that at national events, the membership of a protest committee includes a majority of national judges.