Racing Rules of Sailing (the “rules” or “RRS”)
The rules used for racing under the jurisdiction of World Sailing.World Sailing Codes and Regulations
The definition of Rule
includes the following World Sailing Codes:Regulation 20 Advertising CodeRegulation 21 Anti-Doping CodeRegulation 37 Betting and Anti-Corruption CodeRegulation 35 Disciplinary CodeRegulation 19 Eligibility CodeRegulation 22 Sailor Classification Code
They are not included in the Racing Rules of Sailing
because they can be changed at any time during the four-year publishing cycle of the rules. Changes are posted on the World Sailing website at www.sailing.org
and through member national authorities.Case Book
World Sailing publishes interpretations of the racing rules. The Case Book
and recognizes them as authoritative interpretations and explanations of the rules. They are based upon appeals and questions submitted to the Racing Rules Committee. They clarify the meaning of a rule or answer questions about conflicting interpretations.
The rules, changes to the rules, and Cases are adopted by the World Sailing Council, based upon the recommendation of the Racing Rules Committee. Regulation 28.3
indicates that the Racing Rules of Sailing
and World Sailing Cases are authoritative interpretations and explanations of the rules for all racing. Judges are required to follow World Sailing rules and Cases when interpreting the rules.Question and Answer (Q&A)
The World Sailing Racing Rules Q&A are published on the World Sailing website as a joint responsibility of the Racing Rules Committee and Race Officials Committee.
The answers are prepared by experienced Race officials and are intended to provide a service to Race Officials, Member National Authorities and World Sailing Class Associations whereby they may submit questions through World Sailing concerning the Racing Rules of Sailing
The answers are not authoritative interpretations and explanations of the RRS but nevertheless represent an important service by providing carefully considered opinions of experienced Race Officials.
It is intended that these Q&A are further considered for inclusion in the World Sailing Case Book/Call Books (Match and Team Racing).
This service is not to be used as a ‘substitute’ appeal process, but is simply to provide considered opinions on questions on the RRSWorld Sailing
The international body governing the sport of sailing is World Sailing. It comprises member national authorities, class associations, and other affiliated organizations. Among the many responsibilities and programs of World Sailing is the training and certification of International Race Officials which include International Judges, Umpires, Race Officers, Measurers, Classifiers and Technical Delegates.National Authority
The national authority is the organization that governs the sport of sailing within its jurisdiction, and is a member of World Sailing. Many national authorities have additional responsibilities, such as cruising and powerboat racing.
National authorities often prescribe additional rules to the racing rules. These prescriptions are included as rules governing sailing within the jurisdiction of the national authority by the Sailing Instructions. They are rarely invoked for international events; although some national authorities prescribe that some of their prescriptions shall not be deleted.
Most national authorities appoint a committee to hear appeals against decisions of protest committees. Appeal procedures vary from country to country through their prescriptions. The highest appeal authority is the national authority under whose jurisdiction the event is held. World Sailing does not hear appeals.
National authorities may submit appeals that they think clarify or help interpret a rule to the World Sailing Racing Rules Committee. If the Committee agrees with the decision, or believes the clarification is beneficial, it will accept the appeal as a World Sailing case, subject to ratification by the World Sailing Council.Organizing Authority
The body that plans and runs the races or event is the organizing authority. It may be a club, a class association, a national authority, World Sailing itself, or a combination of any of these. The Organizing Authority appoints the Race Committee. The Organizing Authority or World Sailing appoints the Protest Committee or International Jury.Race Committee
The race committee is the committee appointed by the organizing authority to conduct the races. It is responsible for publishing the Sailing Instructions and for scoring. When the organizing authority has not appointed a Protest Committee or International Jury, the race committee is responsible for appointing a protest committee to conduct hearings. Members of the race committee may sit on the protest committee, except for hearing a request for redress under rule 62.1
(a) alleging an improper action or omission of the race committee. In that case, the protest committee must be independent of the race committee. A protest committee that is an International Jury constituted in accordance with Appendix N of the rules shall be independent of and have no members from the race committee.Protest Committee
The protest committee hears protests, requests for redress and alleged breaches of rule 69
. It is appointed by the organizing authority or race committee. It may be independent of the race committee or a subcommittee of the race committee. It may, when meeting the requirements of Appendix N, qualify as an International Jury. International Juries are referred to as Protest Committees when hearing protests and requests for redress.